Skills Profiling / Skills Profile

Overview

Skills profiling is a way to measure an individual’s strengths. The profile is often used to track career progression and communicate the skills that an individual possesses to employers.

Career advisors recommend that individuals include a section on their resume that addresses skills. This might include listing the most relevant skills the individual has that are relevant to the job the individual is applying for. Skills are also commonly provided below a section on professional experience.

Skills refer to both technical and soft skills.  There are many terms for “soft skills,” including durable skills, power skills, human skills, transferable skills, personal skills, people skills, interpersonal skills, essential skills, and non-technical skills.

Individuals can use skills profiles to help them identify their skills. Companies use these tools as well to identify skills possessed (or lacking) in their teams, how best to build their teams, and how to inform individual employees of areas for professional development.

Examples of Skills Profile Tools

Berkeley Emotional Intelligence Test: Measures an individual’s ability to detect and identify the emotions of others based on their facial expressions. Individuals look at photos of faces with varying expressions and answer questions based on those photos. The tool assesses personality traits such as self-awareness, social awareness, and relationship management when used in conjunction with other tools. The test uses information on an individual's hard skills (technical knowledge/training) and soft skills (personal habits/traits). This information is collected from education level, the occupation the individual most identifies with; how often the individual participates in certain activities; and a personality test.

Career Smart Skills Audit Test: Individuals are rated on 40 skills—how well they are doing or could do at each skill. The test is focused in 10 skills areas: Numerical; Information Technology; Managing Self; Communication Skills; Customer Focus; Team Working; Managing Others; Influence and Persuasion; Commercial Awareness; Personal Development Planning. The test results in a report on an individual’s current areas of proficiency and provides guidance on skills most beneficial for the individual to progress professionally and areas for improvement. The test is used for individuals as well as for team assessment related to upskilling needs in an employer’s context.

DISC Test: The test matches personalities to careers and is based on a model of four personality types, 12 possible combinations of traits, careers that offer the best fit for each personality, and frequently asked questions about DISC personality types. DISC is an acronym for four behavioral styles (Dominance, Influence, Steadiness, Conscientiousness) based on a theory proposed in 1928 by psychologist William Moulton Marston. DISC profiles look at how an individual responds to certain situations, how to influence others, and how to respond to coworkers. The test results in a detailed report that includes a description of individuals’ personality type and the careers or areas where they are likely to excel. Employers use DISC to assess teams, communication, and potential candidates.

Holland Code (RIASEC) Test: This test, focused on career and vocational choice, groups individuals based on their suitability for six different categories of occupations. The six types comprise the RIASEC code (developed in the 1950s by John L. Holland) which stands for the following personality types: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, C . The test consists of 48 tasks that individuals rate to assess how much they would enjoy performing each on a scale of 5-point scale. Individuals can identify their talents and skills, behavioral and personality traits, and type of work important to them through this assessment. The test is used commonly in field of career counseling.

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator®(MBTI®) Assessment: A widely used tool by companies globally (used in more than 100 countries and available in 29 languages), and by organizations and individuals to improve how they communicate, learn, and work. The assessment’s questions focus on identifying individuals’ preferences in four areas of personality, individuals into one of 16 distinct MBTI personality types, and this information can be used to gain insight to apply to professional and personal relationships, as well as an individual’s direction, focus, and choices.

OECD Skills Profiling Tool: The tool compares an individual’s skills profile with skills required by all occupations included in the O*NET database. The occupations included in the tool are based on those from the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO). The tool suggests possible occupation matches by identifying those occupations with the shortest distance between the individual’s level in each skill and the level required for that occupation. The tool reports the individual’s level in each skills assessed (literacy, numeracy, digital skills, customer and personal service, time management, motivation and commitment, and creative thinking); and provides an option to compare the skills profile to that of other individuals in their country, age group, or education level.

O*NET Interest Profiler: The Profiler offers a family of self-assessment career exploration tools that are available in a paper-and-pencil version and in website versions at My Next Move and Mi Próximo Paso. The test was introduced in 1999 as one of the U.S. Department of Labor’s (DOL) O*NET Career Exploration Tools designed to help individuals determine interests, skills, and abilities that can be used for their educational planning, career exploration, and career guidance. The 60-item questionnaire is based on the Holland RIASEC model (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional). The tool includes a Job Zone Section that suggests careers that individuals with their level of training and skills or interests might fit into. The Profiler can be self-administered and self-interpreted; used on a stand-alone basis or with other O*NET Career Exploration Tools or with privately developed instruments; and results can be directly linked to over 900 occupations (in O*NET OnLine, My Next Move, My Next Move, Move for Veterans, and Mi Próximo Paso).

Skills Matcher: This questionnaire rates individuals’ skill levels on 40 key workplace skills in job areas such as problem-solving, customer service, clerical jobs, business, management, and others. Resulting ratings compute a score from "beginner" to "advanced."  The matcher tool helps individuals identify careers that match their interests, rate their level in a range of skills, and see a list of careers that are good matches for their set of skills. With this information, individuals are able to explore careers on their list of matches, learn about average pay, typical education, and the outlook for new job opportunities expected for jobs in that field. Career match data comes from five U.S. Department of Labor sources: (1) Skills data, including their relationship with occupations, from the O*NET program. (2) Wage data from the Bureau of Labor  Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) program, May 2022 estimates. (3) Education data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections, Education and training assignments by detailed occupation, 2022. (4) Outlook data from O*NET Bright Outlook occupations and My Next Move career outlook designations (based on Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections 2022-32). (5) O*NET data from the O*NET 28.0 Database by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA).

16 Personalities Test: A self-test that focuses on how individuals function in interpersonal relationships. The 50-item test covers 16 unique personalities and uses the principles of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, to help individuals understand their tendencies in relationships and work.

Alternate Terms

  • Career Tests
  • Career Interest Tests
  • Personality Tests

References

Career test: Skills audit | Careersmart

Free Personality Test | 16Personalities

Herrity, J. (March 2023). Article for Indeed: The 4 DISC Personality Types (Plus 12 Styles with Careers) | Indeed.com

Holland Code (RIASEC) Test (openpsychometrics.org)

https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/quizzes/ei_quiz%E2%80%8B

https://oecd-skillsprofilingtool.org/home

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®) | Official Myers Briggs Personality Test (themyersbriggs.com)

O*NET® Interest Profiler Manual at O*NET Resource Center (onetcenter.org)

Skills Matcher | Careers | CareerOneStop

 

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